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Whereas clauses







Thanks to...







The troops

every member of the Portland City Council and the Portlanders we represent support our brave men and women in uniform and their families;
in 2003 the Seattle City Council passed resolution 30594 "in support of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States, expressing our pride in their service


President Obama

every member of the Portland City Council praises President Barack Obama for ending the Iraq War and the last United States troops withdrew from Iraq on December 18, 2011;




Human cost of war







U.S. Soldiers killed
more than 5,000 U.S. troops have been killed in Afghanistan and Iraq with tens of thousands more wounded – many of them with permanent disabilities, 6,328 members of the US armed forces to date have died in these wars; over 4,470 U.S. troops have been killed in Iraq (474 from California), over 1,770 U.S. troops have been killed in Afghanistan [7], and over 45,100 U.S. troops have been wounded in both conflicts according to the Department of Defense;

more than 5,700 US troops have been killed, more than 40,000 wounded;
Iraqi/Afghan civilians killed
and hundreds of thousands of Iraqis, Afghans, Pakistanis and others have been killed with untold numbers wounded and permanently disabled; and at least 120,000 civilians have been killed in Iraq and Afghanistan since the coalition attacks began; hundreds of thousands of Iraqi and Afghan civilians have been killed in these wars and the ongoing wars pose great and unnecessary harm to the people of Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan;

hundreds of thousands of civilians have been killed or wounded and the ongoing warfare poses great and unnecessary harm to the nation of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan and elsewhere in the world;
$ cost of war







Spending Iraq/Afghanistan the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan cost Philadelphia taxpayers since 2001 well over $5 billion dollars; on May 30, 2010, according to the Cost of War Project, the combined cost of both these wars exceeded $1,000,000,000,000 (one trillion dollars); the people of the United States have collectively paid approximately $126 billion dollars per year to wage war in Iraq and Afghanistan; the total cost of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars to Americans is estimated at $4 trillion [5], and taxpayers in deficit-plagued California have paid almost $145.8 billion in federal taxes for war, and San Francisco taxpayers have paid approximately $3.8 billion for these wars since 2001 [6]; according to the March 29, 2011 Congressional Research Office report The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11, the people of the United States paid $165 billion in 2010 to wage war in Iraq and Afghanistan, and since 2001 have paid $1.28 trillion; according to costofwar.com, Seattle taxpayers have paid $2.6 billion of these costs;
the US government since 2001 has spent well over 1 trillion dollars nationally on the wars and occupations in Iraq and Afghanistan. In Connecticut nearly 28 billion dollars has gone to war spending and more than $453 million has been taken from the city of Hartford to fund the wars and occupations,
Military share of budget


approximately 58 cents of every federal discretionary tax dollar in fiscal year 2011 is spent to pay for past, present, and future military expenditures


and well over half of federal discretionary spending is now spent on the military,
Total military expenditures the United States has armed forces stationed at approximately 1,000 foreign bases in approximately 150 foreign countries;

not including U.S. military forces presently serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, our country maintains more than 255,000 troops stationed in 146 countries and a network of more than 865 bases in 63 countries, which together cost more than $372 billion annually
the military budget, now totaling more than $700 billion per year, is far in excess of that necessary to maintain a reasonable level of security for the United States and its allies
the United States has armed forces stationed at approximately 1,000 foreign bases in approximately 150 foreign countries;
Recommendations for cuts the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform proposed major reductions in military spending in both its Co-Chairs’ proposal in November 2010 and its final report in December 2010;



-- a fact that is substantiated by the Sustainable Defense Task Force which has identified nearly $1 trillion in cuts from the defense budget over the next decade that will not impair national security;
the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform proposed major reductions in military spending in both its Co-Chairs' proposal in November 2010 and its final report in December 2010;
Potential for cuts in military the U.S. military budget could be cut by 80% and remain the largest in the world;





the U.S. military budget could be cut by 80% and remain the largest in the world;
Increase in military expenditures U.S. military spending has approximately doubled in the past decade, in real dollars and as a percentage of federal discretionary spending, and well over half of federal discretionary spending is now spent on the military,

the Pentagon budget was $297 billion when President Clinton left office but for the 2011 fiscal year is over $700 billion, more than double, and military spending by other agencies such as the Veterans Administration, Department of Energy, the State Department, and interest on the war debt raises the total to almost $1 trillion annually


U.S. military spending has approximately doubled in the past decade, in real dollars and as a percentage of federal discretionary spending,
Increase in debt



during this war period, US government debt rose from $5.9 trillion at the end of 2001 to $14 trillion at the end of 2010


Length of war
October 7th 2011 marks the 10th Anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, the longest war in U.S. history;





War goals accomplished
the ostensible goals of the invasion – the toppling of the then ruling Taliban regime, and the capturing or killing of Osama bin Laden – have both been since accomplished;





Historical comparisons we are spending more money on the military now than during the Cold War, the Vietnam War, or the Korean War;





and we are spending more money on the military now than during the Cold War, the Vietnam War, or the Korean War;
The economic situation







Bush-era tax cuts

as long as the Bush-era tax cuts for the wealthiest remain intact, the American financial system will not sustain the costs associated with domestic and foreign priorities;




Budget deficit the severity of the ongoing economic crisis has created budget shortfalls at all levels of government and requires us to re-examine our national spending priorities; local, county, and state governments are being starved for cash due in part to a ballooning national debt caused by a combination of war spending, the economic crisis which began in 2007, and tax cuts granted to multinational corporations and the country’s wealthiest individuals; the severity of the ongoing economic crisis has created budget shortfalls at all levels of government and requires us to re-examine our national spending priorities;
the severity of the ongoing economic crisis has created budget shortfalls at all levels of government and requires us to re-examine our national spending priorities;

the severity of the ongoing economic crisis has created budget shortfalls at all levels of government and requires us to re-examine our national spending priorities;
Unemployment and economic crisis the current unemployment rate in Philadelphia is 10.9% (68,500 people); the current Black unemployment rate is 15.8%; and the current Hispanic unemployment rate is 11%;

our nation faces its most severe economic crisis since the Great Depression;
the severity of the ongoing economic crisis in our nation requires that the government of the United States use its financial resources to aid state and local government to maintain and restore public services, increase funding for social programs, rebuild physical infrastructure, take urgent measures to support job creation, and develop a new economy based upon renewable energy; 2010 census data shows that Hartford has the highest poverty rating in Connecticut at 31.9% (nationally, the poverty rating is 14.3%) and communities of color in Hartford have been hardest hit. Our city has a population that is 41% Latino and 38% African American/West Indian population. Unemployment for people of color is over 40%, and unemployment for people of color is nearly 20% and when employed, people of color make only 60 cents for every dollar made by white workers;
Local budget cuts in Philadelphia there is a current funding gap of $60 million which will grow to $269 million next year, causing layoffs, cutbacks and continued destruction of the public education system; and the City of Philadelphia will have a budget shortfall of $2 billion over the next five years;

San Francisco faces falling federal and state support, causing cuts to the city’s Adult Day Care Centers [8, 9], Food Bank [10], City College, Public Schools, and Libraries, which threatens San Francisco’s public workers, youth, students, elderly, and other vulnerable citizens; federal budget pressures impact the City of Seattle, most recently resulting in a 16% reduction in funding to the City's Community Development Block Grant program, and a $2.1 million mid-year cut to the 2011 City of Seattle Adopted Budget;
educational services, medical care, housing, other essential public services, infrastructure repair, and family financing throughout Connecticut, especially in cities such as Hartford, have been diverted from a constructive economy to these wars and occupations,
National budget cuts
proposals are being advanced which propose paying down the national debt upon the backs of the most vulnerable members of our society – the young, the sick, the unemployed, the marginally employed, the working poor, and the elderly, among others, by reducing or eliminating social programs upon which the vulnerable depend for life and well-being rather than reducing military spending. 





Attack on unions





budget deficits, largely due to war spending, have been used as a pretext to force concessions from public sector unions from California to Wisconsin to Connecticut;
Local needs there are 137,000 people without health care insurance in Philadelphia; and the crime index in Philadelphia is 9/100 (meaning the City is safer than only 9% of cities in the U.S.); and in 2010 more than one third of children in Philadelphia lived in poverty; and hunger is becoming increasingly serious (for example, in 2009-10, in the First congressional District, 49.6% of people reported a food hardship and in the Second Congressional District a food hardship of 36.6% was reported); and in 2010, 411,000 people in Philadelphia received some type of help from a food pantry; and in Philadelphia 1,640 veterans used homeless mainstream services in 2011 and there are approximately 370 veterans homeless on any given night;

the American Society of Civil Engineers’ 2009 survey of U.S. infrastructure (bridges, roads, sewage treatment, etc.) assigned poor grades to all categories: from C-plus to D-minus.



Job creation – military vs. civilian every dollar spent on the military produces fewer jobs than spending the same dollar on education, healthcare, clean energy, or even tax cuts for household consumption;





every dollar spent on the military produces fewer jobs than spending the same dollar on education, healthcare, clean energy, or even tax cuts for household consumption;
Misplaced priorities the United States is the wealthiest nation on earth but trails many other nations in life expectancy, infant mortality, education level, housing, and environmental sustainability, as well as non-military aid to foreign nations;





the United States is the wealthiest nation on earth but trails many other nations in life expectancy, infant mortality, education level, housing, and environmental sustainability, as well as non-military aid to foreign nations;
Military recruitment














the above mentioned communities [Latino, African-American and West Indian] are heavily targeted for military recruitment,
Withdrawal should...







not destabilize the region

the drawdown of troops in Afghanistan should be done in a measured way that does not destabilize the region and that can accelerate the transfer of responsibility to regional authorities;




include contractors

should include the removal of the thousands of military contractors in both Iraq and Afghanistan that the United States has funded and cancellations of their contracts which have caused additional drain on our nation’s economy;




Supporting statements







by Senator or Representative

Oregon Senator Jeff Merkley submitted an amendment, which was adopted in the U.S. Senate as part of the Defense authorization bill, urging the President to expedite the reduction in U.S. forces in Afghanistan and to make periodic reports to Congress on the progress of that plan;




by U.S. Conference of Mayors the U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a resolution in June 2011 calling on Congress to redirect spending to domestic priorities; and the people of the United States, in numerous opinion polls, favor redirecting spending to domestic priorities and withdrawing the U.S. military from Afghanistan;

the June 2011 U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a resolution calling on the President and Congress to end the wars and reallocate the funds to meet vital domestic needs (attached); on June 20, 2011 the US Conference of Mayors passed a resolution calling on the President and U.S. Congress to end the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq "as soon as strategically possible and bring these war dollars home to meet vital human needs, promote job creation, rebuild our infrastructure, aid municipal and state governments, and develop a new economy based upon renewable, sustainable energy and reduce the federal debt," with Seattle Mayor McGinn's support;

the U.S. Conference of Mayors, with the support of Charlottesville’s then Mayor Dave Norris, passed a resolution in June 2011 calling on Congress to redirect spending to domestic priorities;
by the Democratic Party


the San Francisco Democratic County Central Committee in July 2011 unanimously passed a resolution urging Congress to pass HR780 to provide funds for operations of the Armed Forces in Afghanistan only for purposes of providing for the safe and orderly withdrawal of all U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan (attached);



By the council itself



in 2007 the Council passed resolution 30969 "recognizing the human and financial costs of the Iraq War and supporting an end to the war in Iraq and a safe return home for our troops"


Public opinion






the people of the United States, in numerous opinion polls, favor redirecting spending to domestic priorities and withdrawing the U.S. military from Afghanistan;
Therefore, be it resolved...







Thanks again...

that the Portland City Council applauds the President for bringing an end to the Iraq war and extends our deepest gratitude to our brave men and women in uniform and their families who have served in this difficult conflict;




War makes us poor


that the San Francisco Board of Supervisors finds that the Federal Government’s current military budget diverts critical funding away from domestic needs and, in particular, is detrimental to the well-being of the citizens, residents, and taxpayers of San Francisco, and calls upon California’s Congressional delegation to promote Federal legislative action to reduce the military budget significantly; and,



End the wars that the City Council of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, calls on the U.S. Congress to bring all U.S. troops home from Afghanistan,
the Portland City Council asks for the President to continue to remove military contractors and reduce the United States footprint in Iraq and to immediately direct his attention to ending the war in Afghanistan; that the San Francisco Board of Supervisors calls upon California’s Congressional delegation to promote Federal legislative action limiting any subsequent Iraq and Afghanistan war appropriations to funding the rapid, safe, withdrawal of all U.S. troops, bases, and contractors from those countries, The City Council supports the US Conference of Mayors resolution calling on the President and U.S. Congress to end the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan as soon as can be done safely for our troops the City of Los Angeles hereby formally supports any federal legislative action that would fund the safe and orderly withdrawal of US troops and contractors from Iraq and Afghanistan, the city council of Hartford call upon the US government and President Obama to end the wars and occupations in Iraq and Afghanistan that the City Council of Charlottesville, Virginia, calls on the U.S. Congress and the U.S. President to end foreign ground and drone wars, refrain from entering new military ventures in Iran,
Care for vets


that the San Francisco Board of Supervisors supports Federal and California state legislative or executive action that would ensure adequate funding for Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, particularly those who have returned home physically or mentally wounded, to ensure they receive health care, housing, jobs, education and other support services;



Bring the war $ home to take the funds saved by that action and by significantly cutting the Pentagon budget, and to use that money to fund education, public and private sector family-sustaining job creation, special protections for military sector workers, environmental and infrastructure restoration, care for veterans and their families, and human services that our cities and states so desperately need.
and redirect those war dollars home to meet vital human needs, promote job creation, rebuild our infrastructure, aid municipal and state governments, and develop a new economy based upon renewable, sustainable energy and reduce the federal debt. that the San Francisco Board of Supervisors calls upon President Barack Obama and California’s Congressional delegation to promote Federal executive or legislative action redirecting savings from reducing military expenditures towards domestic needs, creating jobs, and supporting non-military efforts by international organizations to rebuild Iraq and Afghanistan; and bring these war dollars home to meet vital human needs, promote job creation, rebuild our infrastructure, aid municipal and state governments, and develop a new economy based upon renewable, sustainable energy and reduce the federal debt. cut non-essential defense budget appropriations, and redirect all recovered savings towards domestic priorities.   and bring our war dollars home now. and reduce base military spending in order to meet vital human needs, promote job creation, re-train and re-employ those losing jobs in the process of conversion to non-military industries, rebuild our infrastructure, aid municipal and state governments, and develop a new economy based upon renewable, sustainable energy.
Support workers rights





the city council of Hartford support the right of public sector unions and all other unions to collectively bargain and defend the interests of their members;
Follow up







Copy sent to President Obama


that a copy of this resolution be sent to President Barack Obama,



Congressional delegation


the California Congressional delegation,



Governor


the Governor of California,



State Legislature


and the California State Legislature.



Public education





that the city council of Hartford support informational events regarding the cost of the wars and occupations to our community;
Urge citizen action





the city council of Hartford urge residents to participate in the April 9, 2011 national march in New York City to end the wars and occupations and bring our war dollars home.